Los Chillos House by Diez + Muller Arquitectos
Designed in 2012 by Diez + Muller Arquitectos, this contemporary residence is located in Via a Los Chillos, Quito, Ecuador.
Description by Diez + Muller Arquitectos
The design of this residential project arises from previous research and understanding of the regional architecture of the Ecuadorian highlands, and how it engages with a modern system through understanding the place, tectonics and space of each, creating a tension between the two systems.
First are the traditional architectural and spatial elements, such as the courtyard, wall, porch and slope. At the same time, the open plan and continuous space are modernist concepts contrasted with the elements previously mentioned. The material palette includes local stone, wood and tile as local or endemic materials, and exposed concrete, steel and glass as modern materials. This mix not only expresses a formal idea, but also a structural and constructive idea that reinforces the argument.
In an area of approximately 4 acres with a steep slope, the house is situated at the highest part of the site, with a privileged view. In plan, the house is designed linearly, taking advantage of the views from every room. The design in section becomes important; access to the social area, kitchen and terrace is located on the upper level. The most private areas and bedrooms are on the lower floor.
The house is stratified into two zones: the stone base and glass box on top. The base is a stone bearing wall, where private areas are distributed. This base is the support of the house on the ground and contains the excavated soil for its settlement. It is fully revealed from certain viewpoints, while from others it is half-buried and seems to arise from the ground. At both the entrance and rear of the house, a large cut in the ground generates a submerged courtyard which serves mainly to illuminate and ventilate the bedroom areas on the ground floor. At the same time, it becomes one of the most important areas of reference of the house. It is contained by an exposed concrete wall, contrasting with the stone wall, thus creating tensions between the two systems.
Entrance to the house is through a steel and glass bridge that intersects with the stone wall, and opens the space to a large steel and glass nave that contains the social areas of the house on the upper floor. On this nave rests a traditional mud tile roof.
Finally, the finishes in the house are primarily simple materials such as concrete and wood. The lightness of the glass top volume is even more evident at night when artificial light exposes its permeability and the great nave of the roof, which is juxtaposed with the monolithic volume of the base on which it rests.